Arsip Bulanan: Januari 2016

Last night, I was dreaming. I can fly in the air and possess people’s body. I was like.. running..somewhere, like my room. Like my lodge, but looks different. Then I realized I was in  a wrong body. It wasn’t my face when I looked at the mirror. How can I? Then I felt a huge pull from my shoulder as if I was drawn up.  Strange. And I think I saw YOU. You’ve been messing me with my dreams. What’s the matter?

Mengapa Ilmu Pengetahuan Dikatakan Berasal dari Barat?

Mengingat tentang Ilmu Pengetahuan, aku kembali mengingat pelajaran-pelajaran yang telah kuterima sejak sekolah dasar sampai sekolah menengah. Entah kenapa, rasanya aku merasa tidak mempelajari apa-apa selama 12 tahun berada di sekolah formal. Terasa hampa otak ini mengingat-ingat pelajaran sekolah dasar dulu. Tapi aku masih ingat pelajaran-pelajaran sekolah menengah, terutama Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam. Aku juga nasih hapal beberapa tokoh seperti Montesquieu, Thomas Aquinas, Charles Darwin, dan Sigmund Freud. Tak kusangka tokoh-tokoh itu masih aku temui di bangku kuliah walaupun dengan catatan bahwa aku ini “anak sastra” Kok bisa?

Belajar filsafat .

Sejak aku ambil mata kuliah pengantar filsafat dan pemikiran modern, pandanganku tentang dunia berkembang dan wawasanku tentang ilmu pengetahuan itu sendiri pun meluas. Awalnya aku sempat parno, karena teman-temanku yang berada di jurusan filsafat mereka lama-lama menjadi agnostik (orang yang percaya bahwa keberadaan tuhan tidak bisa dijelaskan dengan akal, tapi mereka sangat berbeda dengan seorang atheis). Setelah menjalani perjalanan 1 semester, aku keasyikan belajar filsafat. Baca sejarahnya sampai tokoh-tokoh dan ideologi-ideologi yang dianut tokoh-tokoh itu. Sampai-sampai aku melupakan definisi dan hal-hal dasar sehingga nilai uts ku tidak memuaskan karena soal-soal yang keluar adalah soal-soal mendasar yang sayangnya aku lupakan.

Belajar filsafat juga membuatku mengenal sejarah dunia yang ku pelajari di mata kuliah sastra Inggris. Lagi, belajar filsafat sama sekali jauh dari ekspektasi burukku.

Semakin aku penasaran, akhirnya aku tahu mengapa hanya tokoh-tokoh Barat saja yang menghias buku pelajaran SD, SMP, SMA kita. Kita anggap sajalah bahwa ilmu pengetahuan mengenai filsafat, sains, pemerintahan, berasal dari Yunani. Lebih tepatnya lagi berkat Plato dan Aristoteles (mungkin Socrates tapi sayangnya Ia tidak menulis sejarahnya sendiri). Dua bapak filsuf itu menyumbang banyak sekali ilmu pengetahuan dengan tulisan-tulisannya. Di zaman Renaissance dan seterusnya (kebangkitan dan rindu kebudayaan Yunani) ide-ide dua bapak itu dipelajari kembali.

Setelah itu, lahirlah Thomas Aquinas yang “mengkristenkan” Aristoteles dan Plato. Mengapa? Karena ia ingin diterima oleh Gereja. Karena pada masa Dark Age atau kejayaannya gereja do zaman pertengahan segala ilmu pengetahun sangat diatir gereja. Descartes seorang filsuf kaya dengan slogan terkenalnya cogito ergo sum membaca kembali karya-karya Plato dan Aristoteles sehingga timbulah metode keraguannya yang terkenal. Dari situlah ilmuan-ilmuan Barat terkenal. Apalagi penemuan mesin cetak sangat membantu penyebaran sains meluas ke seluruh Eropa. Padahal jauh sebelum Thomas Aquinas, ilmuwan-ilmuwan Arab seperti Al-Farabi, Al-Khawarizmi, Ibnu Sina, telah menerjemahkan karya-karya Yunani ke bahasa Arab dan mempelajarinya. Anehnya, Thomas Aquinas sendiri tidak pernah bisa membaca bahasa Yunani. Aquinas memang perlu di interogasi atas hal ini.

Mungkin tulisan ini memang bias, tapi saya ingin mengatakan bahwa ilmuwan-ilmuwan Islam lah yang lebih dahulu melestarikan karya-karya Yunani dan mengimplementasikan ilmu-ilmu yang secara rahasia “dicuri” oleh ilmuwan Barat.
Taukah kamu bahwa Al-Khawarizmi yang menciptakan aljabar? Taukah kamu kalau Al-Farabi menciptakan not balok untuk pertama kali?

Jawaban anda adalah buktinya.

Malam begitu indah malam ini. Kemerlap lautan berlian di angkasa memamerkan kemegahan maha Kuasa. Aku yang kecil ini masih melekat dengan ranjang memelukku sejak tadi. Sudah lama sekali, malam tidak seindah ini. Untuk pertama kalinya malam tidak mengingatkanku pda seseorang. Malam ini aku merasa sepenuhnya menjadi diriku sendiri. Tepian hati rasanya masih jauh menanti.

Comparison and Contrast Poetry Analysis (The Victims and The Abortion:  Aim the Complexity)

  • Introduction
    1. Both Anne Sexton and Sharon Olds are two famous confessional poets in their era.

According to Jennifer Brozak (classroom.synonym.com), confessional poetry serves to reveal an author’s repressed anguish or deepest emotions through verses about the most personal of subjects.

  1. Specific topic: Sharon Olds highlights the issue of family abuse in the Victims, and Anne Sexton rises the issue about the abortion as the title says.
  2. Why are this two poem comparable? Because both poems are written by confessional poets. In addition, both Anne Sexton and Sharon Olds share similar emotion in confessing their feeling to a poem: anguish and hatred.
  3. Thesis statement:

Although the Victims and the Abortions have different story and themes, surprisingly both poets use similar strategies in using certain elements to achieve the purpose of each poem.

  1. Body Paragraphs
    1. Both Sexton and Olds provide allusions to give the readers clue about poems’ themes.
      1. Sexton alludes Rumpelstiltskin to signify the agent who undertakes the abortion.
        1. Descriptions of Rumpelstiltskin
        2. Why the readers should know this idea
      2. Olds allude Nixon’s resignation as the President of U.S to compare Nixon’s and the father position after the divorce.
        1. Nixon’s history of resignation and the Watergate case
        2. Both Nixon and the father are kicked out from their ‘household’.
      3. These two confessional poets introduce refrain since the beginning of the poem to introduce the main issue.
        1. Sexton writes, “Somebody who should have been born is gone.” to emphasize the idea of abortion.
          1. The refrain portrays the idea of regret
          2. Why it should be three times repetition
        2. Olds writes, “She took it and took it.” to highlight the act of bearing the abuse.
          1. The refrain shows the continuation of the abuse
          2. Why it should be three times repetition

Lanjutkan membaca Comparison and Contrast Poetry Analysis (The Victims and The Abortion:  Aim the Complexity)

Let’s be Humanized!

Everything seems different in the third term in college. In this term, I learnt a lot about life lessons during the lectures. Because I was majoring science when I was in high school, I had never learnt about human studies, such as sociology or anthropology. However, now, I study culture, literature, and philosophy. Of course, it is because I’m a student of faculty of humanities. Somehow, by attending so many lectures that I took for this term, I began to think reflectively about us as human. Then one question appear: Are we machines or humans?

I’ve been wondering about this issue during this term. Maybe this is not what people think or most of students think these days, but suddenly the question appear in the middle of Research Methods class. The lecturer, Mr.Junaedi, said that we are modern people. We want everything fast, we want everything instant, we want do things with less effort, and we want to make everything to be practical and efficient. In addition, we also spend more time in the outdoor rather than in our houses. Now, we are busy with ourselves and pay less attention to our families. What do you think? Are those represents you?

For me, I am. Home is not like home anymore. Nowadays, home is just a dwelling not a house. Look at the apartments that are built around us. Houses are replaced by simple compartments whose price are high. Less windows, no terrace, no backyard, functional design, and all the elements of a house seem decreased.

Inevitable, in this millennium era invented technology becomes part of our life. Indirectly, internet and smartphones are our ‘God’ in everyday life. Most of modern people use smartphone to communicate and make our job done faster. In addition, there are many applications, such as social media and games are invented. However, those applications —unconsciously— are distracting us. For example, some people tend to care their cyber life rather than their real life. The more we get in touch in Internet make us isolated. As a result, we are likely to be machines without feeling. Like robots, even zombies.

By writing this journal, I don’t mean to preach or teach. I know that we as humans both have flaws and beauty in the same time.  Overall, I just want to say: Let’s be humanized!

“If All the Skies” by Henry van Dyke Poetry Analysis

*This is one of ‘rare’ poem’, so I made the analysis of this poem (beside it’s my assignment to do LOL) This is simple Poetry Analysis though. I hope it’s easy to be undestood :)*

If all the skies were sunshine,
Our faces would be fain
To feel once more upon them
The cooling splash of rain.

If all the world were music,
Our hearts would often long
For one sweet strain of silence,
To break the endless song.

If life were always merry,
Our souls would seek relief,
And rest from weary laughter
In the quiet arms of grief.

—-  Henry van Dyke

This poem is rich with metaphors that create the whole meaning of it. In every stanza, the poet contrasts two things to create a sense of balance in human’s life. In the first stanza, the speaker tells that human both need sunshine and rain, because too many sunshine or rain will not good for human nature. To illustrate, the sunshine is needed by humans for drying clothes, planting, and farming. Rain is also needed by humans for watering irrigation, watering the plants and grass, and creating good water cycle. However, if just one of them existed in this world, humans would not have a proper life. Humans need both rain and sunshine to make their living.

In the second stanza, the speaker contrasts music and silence in human’s life. Music can represent business, crowd, and hectic activity in life. We can see this in nowadays activity, especially in a big city which is busy and crowd both day and night. However, the speaker tells us that human also needs silence. Silence in here may represent a peaceful atmosphere and quiet place.  We can comprehend that too many loudness or activities will make us tired and stressful, and sometimes we just need our silent time to contemplate or life and get peace. Therefore, again, humans need both the two opposite things; music and silence. Lanjutkan membaca “If All the Skies” by Henry van Dyke Poetry Analysis

What Is a METAPHOR?

 

A metaphor is a figurative language that compare one thing to another by substituting a figurative term with literal term. The purpose of metaphor is to evoke the qualities of the meaning and to allow readers understand the greater concept in the poem. The things that are compared mostly are unlike or dissimilar. For example, the poem “It sifts from Leaden Sieves” by Emily Dickinson compares the snow with wool and powder. In the first stanza, Dickinson writes:

 It sifts from Leaden Sieves—

 It powders all the Wood

It fills with Alabaster Wool

The wrinkles of the Road—

 

As we know, wool and powder with the snow are completely different things, but Dickinson creates some comparison to make the poem more beautiful and meaningful. Another example is the poem “Metaphors” by Sylvia Plath which is rich of metaphors.

I’m a riddle in nine syllables,
An elephant, a ponderous house,
A melon strolling on two tendrils.
O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers!
This loaf’s big with its yeasty rising.
Money’s new-minted in this fat purse.
I’m a means, a stage, a cow in calf.

 

Plath compares pregnancy with ‘a riddle in nine syllables’, an elephant, a house, a melon, a stage, and a cow in calf. Uniquely, those metaphors create some pictures to the readers, so the readers can understand the whole meaning of the poem and indicate ‘pregnancy’ as the answer of Plath’s riddle.

 

How Symbol is Different from Allegory?

Symbol is different from allegory in terms of meaning range. There is no fixed meaning for a symbol. Therefore, a symbol may be interpreted in many ways (slightly arbitrary) due to its own general characteristics. The range of interpretation of a symbol is wide and rich. On the other hand, allegory is a narrative, which has a second layer of certain meaning. Consequently, allegory has fixed meanings and put less emphasis and more focus on the hidden meaning. It is also less rich and wide than a symbol. To conclude, we can say a symbol tend to be indefinite than allegory.

Happy Days: Life Is Absurd

             Happy Days is not a happy play as the title said. For the first time reading it, I barely know what the play is about. It seems unreal and absurd. Then I read it for the second time, and I start to ‘steep’ into the story deeply.  Although there are a lot of unanswered questions and weird terms, I understand why this absurdity of the play can catch audience’ attention.

The absurd setting of the play grab my attention since the beginning of the play. Winnie, the protagonist, whose half body covered by mound in the middle of nowhere seems so happy with all stuff around the mound. In addition, there is also a hole where her husband, Willie, lives below her. There is no certain indicator when the night and day began or end because the sun never stops shining. It has to have meaning, of course. In my opinion, the mound that bury Winnie signifies Winnie’s age or her coming death. Winnie is 50 years old, so it can be concluded that she is in half of her life. That is why the mound imbedded up to her waist. Then in Act 2, the mound imbedded her until her neck. Make her difficult to grab something even to turn her head. Again, it signifies death. Winnie’s end life. Ironically, she distracts herself from it by talking to herself and her husband. Lanjutkan membaca Happy Days: Life Is Absurd