Arsip Kategori: Articles

English as a Global Lingua Franca

Lingua franca is a language that is agreed to use by multilingual societies in order to communicate with each other. According to Wardhaugh, most of people uses Greek or Latin as the lingua franca all over the world in the past, especially in Europe (2010). However, in the present day English appears to be a lingua franca due to its speakers which are 80% of the world’s population (both native and non-native speakers). In the contemporary era, English does not only belong its native speakers, but it has belonged to global population. In my perspective, English as a lingua franca has played important role in the process of globalization and educational development.

English as one of globalization agent is seen in how English works as a medium connecting people around the world to conduct trading, travelling, and international relations. It is used to break social and linguistics inequalities. For example, the European Union (EU) uses English as one of official languages in its the general assembly. Not only in Europe, English also widespread in the Maple country Canada though its first language is French. Mr. Diding once said that most of young people in Canada use English in daily conversation more often than French. Another example can be found in U.S and Native American (Indian) government congress in using English as official language between them. Although in postcolonial angle it can be seen that English as a heritage from colonialism between the U.S and the Native American society, the use of English in their bilateral relationship can be perceived as a form of social and linguistics equality. In addition, English now appears as a cyber lingua franca on the Internet. Since Internet break the boundary of region around the world, English has been the major language used by netizens to communicate and trade. Many forums on the internet use English as the lingua franca for the users come from different countries which speak different languages. As the online shopping spread around the world through E-Bay, Alibaba, or Amazon, netizens also start to conduct business with people from different countries.

In the scope of education, English has been the language of education in most of countries. In educational scope, standard English is even highly respected and evokes certain kind of intelligent for its speakers. As a lingua franca, English plays a significant role in multilingual education. Student exchange program, for instance, required English proficiency test certificate to allow the participants join the program even though the involved countries do not speak English as the official language. Interestingly, in more recent cases, English in the education is not only respected as a global language, but also glocal language. Wardhaugh said that glocal means global and local. Therefore, English aslo blends with native society, for example like Singaporean English which has been used in  most education institution in Singapore for the last decade.

In brief,  English  has  been  a  global  lingua  franca  as  a  tool  for  real  or  cyber

communication and developing global education.

Perempuan, Percakapan, dan Kamu

Minggu lalu aku menghadiri kelas Sosiolinguistik dengan topik mengenai bahasa dan gender.

Para sosiolinguistik mengatakan bahwa perempuan adalah si subordinate ketika mereka melakukan percakapan dengan para pria.

Sontak aku mengerutkan keningku dalam. Tidak setuju.

Namun, aku ingat percakapanku denganmu.

Ketika kamu yang mendominasi.

Ketika aku diam, dan kau menertawakan.

Ketika aku bercakap banyak, namun kau memandangku seperti itu.

Lalu aku ciut.

Pada akhirnya aku mengakui inferioritas diriku terhadapmu.

Namun aku tetap tidak suka dengan fakta bahwa perempuan adalah “second sex.”

 

Tapi aku akan selalu ingat perkataan dosenku yang berkata, “Alasan mengapa Hawa diciptakan adalah karena Adam tidak bisa hidup sendirian.”

Lalu, akhirnya aku berkesimpulan bahwa kita.. perempuan dan laki-laki adalah dua hal yang komplementer. Seharusnya maskulinitas dan feminitas berada di garis yang setara.

Once, my friend said that “You can’t please everyone.”

But, I don’t know it doesn’t work for me. I always see Elmo as my role model in this field.

I don’t know who is Marat Safin, but he says

“I just want to make everyone happy.”

While Elmo has been successful in making everyone happy, I’m just.. trying, trying..

hard.

 

Suddenly found this:

“Also note that if a guy likes you, that can mean a variety of things: he might see you as a potential (platonic) friend, a one-time lover, a long-term lover, a life partner, a friend with benefits, etc.”–Marcus Geduld

So sad seeing women are considered in SUCH a way.

Apa Itu Artinya Menjadi Perempuan?

Apakah perempuan itu?

Apakah hanya sebatas satu golongan dari jenis kelamin manusia?

Ataukah gender yang melekat kental di masyarakat?

Ataukah hanya sebatas kaum mayoritas yang menjadi minor dihadapan laki-laki?

Apa itu sebenarnya perempuan?

Lihat tanda tanya itu

Rasa penasaranku yang bisa membunuh.

 

Suatu hari aku terdiam di sudut halte bis. Melihat lalu lalang perempuan dan laki-laki bersamaan menyebrang jalan. Rindu sekali di saat aku dilihat sebagai seorang perempuan waktu yang lalu.

Ketika ku bercermin pada genangan air, aku hanya melihat seorang anak kecil dengan tas gendong besar yang bertubuh pendek. Aku mendengus ironis. Aku tidak melihat diriku sebagai perempuan di cermin itu. Pada faktanya, aku memang belum bisa menjadi seorang perempuan. Mengapa?

Karena aku masih bertanya-tanya, apakah perempuan itu? Lanjutkan membaca Apa Itu Artinya Menjadi Perempuan?

Wrap- Up

YES! 4th Term is over!!!

It’s been  a loooooong time since my last post. This term is SO TIRING TERM. Well, each term is tiring, but this term really made significant improvement in my life.

4th term really made my term! From many new experience I had until falling in love again. I’m not sure this time I really DID fall for someone, but.. as I’ve said before, this term is really different to the previous terms I’ve ever had.

This term I have new organization activity in Student Cooperative or known as KOPMA. In this coop I’ve learnt  a lot, I gained  a lot, I made mistakes a lot. However, it’s fine, cause I’m enjoying it (though it was tough sometimes). I also traveled a lot. I’m still doing the volunteering project though it’s not long, but those activities really boosted my confidence for the first time in my college life.Automatically, I made friends a lot. Not only in my faculty, but in the university scale even with other universities. Somewhat it makes me really happy although it was not really a big thing for having  a lot of friends for certain people.

I also apply for K2N UI for my short course, and I got location in Lebak Regency, Banten Province. K2N UI made me busy with all the assignments I got, but it’s exciting though. My perspective about the world is changed because of K2N UI. Well.. one of them. Many new experience I got from joining K2N. I could know many friends from other faculties, I could know how to do rapeling, what is it like to meet KOPASSUS, What is it like to touch a cobra, and the most important thing is how to engaged with community that we would face later.

Although I’m tired, and I don’t know the result of my GP in this term, I absolutely DID NOT REGRET what I’ve done. I think Mr. Anies baswedan right about “learning in class is not enough”and it must be really unlucky to study in university without taking risk to join other activities outside the class.

YOSH! New short term will begin next month, and I MUST prepare it well. GANBATTE!

 

 

Let’s be Humanized!

Everything seems different in the third term in college. In this term, I learnt a lot about life lessons during the lectures. Because I was majoring science when I was in high school, I had never learnt about human studies, such as sociology or anthropology. However, now, I study culture, literature, and philosophy. Of course, it is because I’m a student of faculty of humanities. Somehow, by attending so many lectures that I took for this term, I began to think reflectively about us as human. Then one question appear: Are we machines or humans?

I’ve been wondering about this issue during this term. Maybe this is not what people think or most of students think these days, but suddenly the question appear in the middle of Research Methods class. The lecturer, Mr.Junaedi, said that we are modern people. We want everything fast, we want everything instant, we want do things with less effort, and we want to make everything to be practical and efficient. In addition, we also spend more time in the outdoor rather than in our houses. Now, we are busy with ourselves and pay less attention to our families. What do you think? Are those represents you?

For me, I am. Home is not like home anymore. Nowadays, home is just a dwelling not a house. Look at the apartments that are built around us. Houses are replaced by simple compartments whose price are high. Less windows, no terrace, no backyard, functional design, and all the elements of a house seem decreased.

Inevitable, in this millennium era invented technology becomes part of our life. Indirectly, internet and smartphones are our ‘God’ in everyday life. Most of modern people use smartphone to communicate and make our job done faster. In addition, there are many applications, such as social media and games are invented. However, those applications —unconsciously— are distracting us. For example, some people tend to care their cyber life rather than their real life. The more we get in touch in Internet make us isolated. As a result, we are likely to be machines without feeling. Like robots, even zombies.

By writing this journal, I don’t mean to preach or teach. I know that we as humans both have flaws and beauty in the same time.  Overall, I just want to say: Let’s be humanized!

What Is a METAPHOR?

 

A metaphor is a figurative language that compare one thing to another by substituting a figurative term with literal term. The purpose of metaphor is to evoke the qualities of the meaning and to allow readers understand the greater concept in the poem. The things that are compared mostly are unlike or dissimilar. For example, the poem “It sifts from Leaden Sieves” by Emily Dickinson compares the snow with wool and powder. In the first stanza, Dickinson writes:

 It sifts from Leaden Sieves—

 It powders all the Wood

It fills with Alabaster Wool

The wrinkles of the Road—

 

As we know, wool and powder with the snow are completely different things, but Dickinson creates some comparison to make the poem more beautiful and meaningful. Another example is the poem “Metaphors” by Sylvia Plath which is rich of metaphors.

I’m a riddle in nine syllables,
An elephant, a ponderous house,
A melon strolling on two tendrils.
O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers!
This loaf’s big with its yeasty rising.
Money’s new-minted in this fat purse.
I’m a means, a stage, a cow in calf.

 

Plath compares pregnancy with ‘a riddle in nine syllables’, an elephant, a house, a melon, a stage, and a cow in calf. Uniquely, those metaphors create some pictures to the readers, so the readers can understand the whole meaning of the poem and indicate ‘pregnancy’ as the answer of Plath’s riddle.

 

How Symbol is Different from Allegory?

Symbol is different from allegory in terms of meaning range. There is no fixed meaning for a symbol. Therefore, a symbol may be interpreted in many ways (slightly arbitrary) due to its own general characteristics. The range of interpretation of a symbol is wide and rich. On the other hand, allegory is a narrative, which has a second layer of certain meaning. Consequently, allegory has fixed meanings and put less emphasis and more focus on the hidden meaning. It is also less rich and wide than a symbol. To conclude, we can say a symbol tend to be indefinite than allegory.

Happy Days: Life Is Absurd

             Happy Days is not a happy play as the title said. For the first time reading it, I barely know what the play is about. It seems unreal and absurd. Then I read it for the second time, and I start to ‘steep’ into the story deeply.  Although there are a lot of unanswered questions and weird terms, I understand why this absurdity of the play can catch audience’ attention.

The absurd setting of the play grab my attention since the beginning of the play. Winnie, the protagonist, whose half body covered by mound in the middle of nowhere seems so happy with all stuff around the mound. In addition, there is also a hole where her husband, Willie, lives below her. There is no certain indicator when the night and day began or end because the sun never stops shining. It has to have meaning, of course. In my opinion, the mound that bury Winnie signifies Winnie’s age or her coming death. Winnie is 50 years old, so it can be concluded that she is in half of her life. That is why the mound imbedded up to her waist. Then in Act 2, the mound imbedded her until her neck. Make her difficult to grab something even to turn her head. Again, it signifies death. Winnie’s end life. Ironically, she distracts herself from it by talking to herself and her husband. Lanjutkan membaca Happy Days: Life Is Absurd