Lingua franca is a language that is agreed to use by multilingual societies in order to communicate with each other. According to Wardhaugh, most of people uses Greek or Latin as the lingua franca all over the world in the past, especially in Europe (2010). However, in the present day English appears to be a lingua franca due to its speakers which are 80% of the world’s population (both native and non-native speakers). In the contemporary era, English does not only belong its native speakers, but it has belonged to global population. In my perspective, English as a lingua franca has played important role in the process of globalization and educational development.
English as one of globalization agent is seen in how English works as a medium connecting people around the world to conduct trading, travelling, and international relations. It is used to break social and linguistics inequalities. For example, the European Union (EU) uses English as one of official languages in its the general assembly. Not only in Europe, English also widespread in the Maple country Canada though its first language is French. Mr. Diding once said that most of young people in Canada use English in daily conversation more often than French. Another example can be found in U.S and Native American (Indian) government congress in using English as official language between them. Although in postcolonial angle it can be seen that English as a heritage from colonialism between the U.S and the Native American society, the use of English in their bilateral relationship can be perceived as a form of social and linguistics equality. In addition, English now appears as a cyber lingua franca on the Internet. Since Internet break the boundary of region around the world, English has been the major language used by netizens to communicate and trade. Many forums on the internet use English as the lingua franca for the users come from different countries which speak different languages. As the online shopping spread around the world through E-Bay, Alibaba, or Amazon, netizens also start to conduct business with people from different countries.
In the scope of education, English has been the language of education in most of countries. In educational scope, standard English is even highly respected and evokes certain kind of intelligent for its speakers. As a lingua franca, English plays a significant role in multilingual education. Student exchange program, for instance, required English proficiency test certificate to allow the participants join the program even though the involved countries do not speak English as the official language. Interestingly, in more recent cases, English in the education is not only respected as a global language, but also glocal language. Wardhaugh said that glocal means global and local. Therefore, English aslo blends with native society, for example like Singaporean English which has been used in most education institution in Singapore for the last decade.
In brief, English has been a global lingua franca as a tool for real or cyber
communication and developing global education.
THESIS: The rural area, instead of the urban area, needs significant development in terms of economy, health, education, and infrastructure.
- Topic Sentence: The rural-centric development can decrease the number of urbanization that has been exploded lately.
- City would not be crowded
- Rural area can be center of activities
- Development creates balanced population between cities and villages
- Topic Sentence: In addition, this kind of development encourages rural area hidden potentials.
- Development creates assessment of the village itself
- Each village has its uniqueness to be highlighted (in terms of economy or tourism)
- Self-supporting village may be established
- Topic Sentence: The rural-centric development provides a new opportunity to increase people’s welfare who are located in remoted area.
- Development provides job vacancy to people around villages and remote area
- Decrease unemployment in rural area
Concluding Sentence: From the explanations above, Indonesia needs to enhance rural areas for equitable development through its archipelago.
(This is my essay for academic writing assignment. Although it’s still revised I got a very well grade LOL. It is just an example of a simple academic essay, hope it will be helpful!)
Recently, Indonesia has made many developments, especially the infrastructure development in the urban area. Mr. Joko Widodo, the president of Indonesia, has proposed many infrastructure developments since 2014. For example, Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) in Jakarta, Rapid Transit Train in Bandung, and the longest Cikopo-Palimanan highway. However, most of the developments that have been realized only focus on the cities and its surroundings. Consequently, the discrepancy between the urban area and the rural area is inevitable. In fact, the rural area, instead of the urban area, needs significant development in terms of economy, education, and infrastructure.
In the first place, the rural-centric development can decrease the number of urbanization that has been exploded lately. By the decrease of urban population, cities would not be crowded, and the slum area in the cities could thin out gradually. Moreover, this can cause the decline of economic discrepancy between the cities and the villages. According to Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics in 2013, the poor society in the rural areas was higher than the poor society in the cities, with 18.4% lived in the villages and only 8.5% lived in the cities. By developing the villages, especially in education and the economy, villagers would likely to stay in the villages rather than leave it for the cities to remain their welfare. As a result, it will create equal population between the cities and the villages. Lanjutkan membaca Say Yes to Rural-centric Development
- Both Anne Sexton and Sharon Olds are two famous confessional poets in their era.
According to Jennifer Brozak (classroom.synonym.com), confessional poetry serves to reveal an author’s repressed anguish or deepest emotions through verses about the most personal of subjects.
- Specific topic: Sharon Olds highlights the issue of family abuse in the Victims, and Anne Sexton rises the issue about the abortion as the title says.
- Why are this two poem comparable? Because both poems are written by confessional poets. In addition, both Anne Sexton and Sharon Olds share similar emotion in confessing their feeling to a poem: anguish and hatred.
- Thesis statement:
Although the Victims and the Abortions have different story and themes, surprisingly both poets use similar strategies in using certain elements to achieve the purpose of each poem.
- Body Paragraphs
- Both Sexton and Olds provide allusions to give the readers clue about poems’ themes.
- Sexton alludes Rumpelstiltskin to signify the agent who undertakes the abortion.
- Descriptions of Rumpelstiltskin
- Why the readers should know this idea
- Olds allude Nixon’s resignation as the President of U.S to compare Nixon’s and the father position after the divorce.
- Nixon’s history of resignation and the Watergate case
- Both Nixon and the father are kicked out from their ‘household’.
- These two confessional poets introduce refrain since the beginning of the poem to introduce the main issue.
- Sexton writes, “Somebody who should have been born is gone.” to emphasize the idea of abortion.
- The refrain portrays the idea of regret
- Why it should be three times repetition
- Olds writes, “She took it and took it.” to highlight the act of bearing the abuse.
- The refrain shows the continuation of the abuse
- Why it should be three times repetition
Lanjutkan membaca Comparison and Contrast Poetry Analysis (The Victims and The Abortion: Aim the Complexity)